Representatives from Jersey Central Power & Light (JCP&L), New Jersey Audubon and the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife recently banded four American Kestrel chicks at a nest box located at the South Branch Wildlife Management Area in Hillsborough, New Jersey. This marks the second consecutive year the three organizations have partnered to help boost the population of this threatened species.
“American Kestrel populations are experiencing long-term declines in North America and in 2012 they were added to the list of threatened species in New Jersey,” said John Parke, Stewardship Project Director of New Jersey Audubon. “With the help of JCP&L and the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife, these nest boxes provide a critical part in the recovery of North America’s smallest falcon.”
The American Kestrel population has declined primarily due to lack of suitable habitat and the scarcity of nesting sites. Last year, JCP&L worked with NJ Audubon and the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife to install the nest boxes where two chicks ultimately were born. “We are hopeful that our efforts at the South Branch Wildlife Management Area will contribute to American Kestrels being removed from the threatened species list.” said Jim Fakult, JCP&L President. “Placing nest boxes and helping support the wildlife area are just a few of the ways JCP&L employees contribute to the communities we serve.”
The kestrel banding is part of an ongoing conservation program designed to study breeding patterns at the South Branch Wildlife Management Area. Created in 2006, the 422-acre location has been identified as a critical site for protecting nesting populations of threatened and endangered grassland birds. JCP&L helped restore the area by removing and recycling old electric wire, transformers and utility poles left by a former owner.
As an active member of the New Jersey Audubon’s Corporate Stewardship Council (CSC), JCP&L continues to work together with its partners to help improve ecosystems in the communities it serves. New Jersey Audubon established the CSC with participation from corporate landowners who have expressed a commitment to environmental sustainability through their stewardship of the natural resources within and beyond their property boundaries. The CSC emphasizes voluntary stewardship and promotes conservation partnerships.
The Skillman property of Johnson & Johnson Consumer Products Company in Montgomery Township, Somerset County, New Jersey recently completed Phase I of a 10-year habitat restoration project focusing on migratory birds and water quality improvement. As an active member of New Jersey Audubon’s Corporate Stewardship Council (CSC), Johnson & Johnson enrolled into the US Fish and Wildlife Services’ Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program to implement the project. Paul Romberger, Johnson & Johnson Site Manager, explains “by implementing projects such as this, we fulfill our Credo commitment to respect the communities in which we live and work, as well as to preserve the environment.”
“The Skillman site offers a unique opportunity to create important wildlife habitat, be a model for corporate land management, and demonstrate the value of native plant landscaping,” said Brain Mash, USFWS Program Coordinator for Partners for Fish and Wildlife. “The Skillman property lies within a mostly rural part of the Millstone River watershed in an area important to migratory birds and other wildlife. A variety of restoration and habitat enhancement measures are being employed at the Skillman property to create attractive, low maintenance but high quality wildlife habitat.”
Over several hundred native trees and shrubs were planted by USFWS, NJ Audubon and Johnson & Johnson staff this past spring around site ponds and streams in an effort to enhance the riparian buffer for migratory bird species such as: American Woodcock, Common Yellowthroat, Willow Flycatcher, Brown Thrasher, Orioles and Eastern Kingbird. Additionally many bird nest boxes have be erected on the site for Eastern Bluebird, Tree Swallow and the State Threatened American Kestrel as part of the habitat enhancement.
“Johnson & Johnson continues to show exceptional commitment for making New Jersey a better place for people and wildlife through its actions as a member of the CSC,” said John Parke, Stewardship Project Director of NJ Audubon. “This project in the Central Piedmont Plains of New Jersey has overarching conservation goals to not only improve habitat for birds but to help improve water quality and watershed health.”
Native trees and shrubs including buttonbush, arrowwood viburnum, pin oak, American sycamore, silky dogwood and elderberry were planted to create buffers around the open waters areas on the property that will help water quality by shading the water to regulate thermal pollution (e.g. warm water is less capable of holding dissolved oxygen) as well as making the areas less attractive to Canada geese, but more attractive to beneficial pollinators and song birds.
As part of its participation in the New Jersey Audubon’s Corporate Stewardship Council (CSC), Trump National Golf Club has completed its second phase of habitat restoration at its Bedminster, NJ property with additional native grass seeding and riparian plantings to benefit migratory bird and pollinators.
In May and June 2014 an additional 320 native trees and shrubs were installed by Trump staff, US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and NJ Audubon as part of Trump’s enrollment into the USFWS Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program through the CSC. These plantings bring the total of native trees and shrubs installed through the program up to over 650 plants at the site.
“Native plants have certain characteristics that make them uniquely adapted to local conditions,” said John Parke, Stewardship Director of New Jersey Audubon. “They are not only atheistically beautiful and provide habitat, but they are a practical and ecologically valuable alternative for landscaping. With the incorporation of more native plants at the Trump property, Trump National is helping to showcase a growing and positive trend across the nation that using native plants in landscaping is not just for residential properties, but for commercial businesses as well. Basically, using native plants can get great-looking landscapes that fit in naturally with the local area, while saving or improving natural resources.”
Because they are so well adapted to regional fluctuation in temperature and rainfall typically native plants use less water, are more drought tolerant and resistant to disease and pests so they are used to ‘taking care of themselves’. So additional irrigation, pesticide use or fertilization needs are less likely needed or a concern at all. As far as habitat value, native vegetation is one of the most important features of an animal's habitat because it often provides most, if not all of an animal's habitat needs (i.e. food, cover and raising young). The wildlife in-turn helps those plants to reproduce through the dispersal of the plants’ pollen or seeds. Therefore, plants and animals are interdependent and certain plants and animals are often found together because they have evolved together.
Through the installation of native plants at the Trump property, a variety of bird, amphibian and butterfly species have been documented to be actively utilizing the property as breeding grounds.
“Our partnership with the USFWS and NJ Audubon has been a tremendous success on many levels. They have consulted on transforming vast acres of our property with native plant species which has enhanced the beauty of the course and increased wildlife habitat. The process has been both fun and educational for staff and membership.” said David Schutzenhofer, General Manager of Trump National Golf Club.
With the success of New Jersey American Water’s Environmental Quality Award Winning Hunterdon County project under its belt, New Jersey American Water completed its second Corporate Stewardship Council (CSC) project at its Canoe Brook Facility in Millburn, Essex County, NJ with NJ Audubon (NJA) and US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) as its partners. Through the USFWS Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program, New Jersey American Water is pursuing this project as part of their goal of environmental sustainability and responsible leadership through NJA’s Corporate Stewardship Council.
Home to resident Bald Eagles, owls and numerous other bird species the location of the Canoe Brook facility offers a unique opportunity to restore and enhance habitat on a site that is also a critical stopover area for migratory birds and yet is embedded in a suburban landscape. The site provides an oasis for wildlife either making the site their home or simply a resting location on their migratory journey.
The project encompasses a 30-acre wetland restoration to restore and/ or enhance breeding and foraging habitat for amphibians, and birds including dabbling ducks and wading birds, such as herons and egrets. Specifically NJ American Water with the help of the USFWS and NJ Audubon completed 2 years of large scale invasive non-native vegetation controls, creation of shallow water depressions (vernal pools), and planting of native grasses and several hundred native woody plants that are beneficial for wildlife, especially migratory birds. Additionally, nest boxes for Eastern Bluebird, Tree Swallow, Wood Duck, American Kestrel and Eastern Screech Owl have also been installed at the property.
“As opposed to the adjacent reservoir or river, the creation of these vernal pools are very important at the Canoe Brook site because the wet-dry cycle of these pools prevents fish from becoming established, allowing critical breeding and rearing habitat for amphibians (frogs, salamanders), crustaceans, and insects,” said John Parke, Stewardship Project Director of New Jersey Audubon. “In North America, approximately one-half of all frogs and one-third of all salamander species rely on seasonal or temporary wetlands for development. So these vernal pools provide a critical window of necessity for these species to function and fulfill their role in the ecosystem, which includes being part of the food web.”
Secretive wading birds like herons, bitterns, and egrets are attracted to the pools as a foraging area feeding on amphibians and their larvae in the pools. Reptiles such as the eastern painted turtle, snapping turtle and the eastern garter snake also use vernal ponds, as feeding stations as they move from one area to another. Waterfowl such as the wood duck, black duck and mallard use vernal ponds extensively during migration, consuming insects, crustaceans, and seeds for energy during their long flights. Shorebirds, such as the spotted sandpiper, solitary sandpiper, Wilson’s snipe, and yellowlegs search out and feed on exposed mud flats that are created as water levels drop in the pools. Mammals, such as raccoons, opossum, and bats will use vernal ponds too as a water source and foraging areas as well as migratory avian insectivores such as swallows and fly catchers that are attracted to them to feast on the insects that fly over the water.
“Vernal pools also help protect watersheds,” said Gary A. Matthews, retired Environmental Manager of New Jersey American Water who spearheaded the project. “They capture and hold water, allowing time for it to seep into the surface and recharge groundwater supplies. This reduces the amount of water runoff and lessening erosion. Vernal pools also capture sediment, thereby protecting water quality in streams, rivers and our reservoirs. ”